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Asthma and Covid-19 Posted on 23 Mar 2020

Coronavirus (COVID-19) health advice for people with asthma 

When people with asthma get respiratory infections, it can set off their asthma symptoms. 

To reduce your risk of asthma symptoms, the best action you can take is to follow these simple asthma management steps:

  • Keep taking your preventer inhaler daily as prescribed. This will help cut your risk of an asthma attack being triggered by any respiratory virus, including coronavirus.
  • Carry your reliever inhaler (usually blue) with you every day, in case you feel your asthma symptoms flaring up.
  • Download and use an asthma action plan to help you recognise and manage asthma symptoms when they come on.
  • Start a peak flow diary, if you have a peak flow meter. If you don’t have a peak flow meter, think about getting one from your GP or pharmacist, as it can be a good way of tracking your asthma and helping to tell the difference between asthma symptoms and COVID-19 symptoms. It can also help your medical team to assess you over the phone or video.
  • If you come down with flu, a cold, or any other respiratory infection, follow our tips for looking after your asthma when you’re not well.
  • If you smoke it’s vital to quit now as smoking will increase your risk from COVID-19. There’s NHS advice on how to give up smoking here.

What to do if your asthma is getting worse

If your asthma is getting worse and you have symptoms of COVID-19, please use the 111 online service or call 111. Don’t go to your doctor’s surgery.

When you contact 111:

  • Let them know that you have asthma and that you’re getting asthma symptoms.
  • Explain how often you are using your reliever inhaler and if it’s not working completely or lasting for 4 hours.
  • Follow the instructions given to you by 111.
  • If your symptoms get worse quickly and you’re worried you are having an asthma attack, call 999 and let them know you may have coronavirus and are having an asthma attack. See our asthma attack advice for more information.

If your asthma is getting worse and you don't have symptoms of COVID-19, make an urgent appointment to see your GP as usual. They may ask to speak to you by phone or video. If you have an asthma attack, follow the steps on your action plan and call 999 for an ambulance if you need to.


What is a high daily steroid dose for different inhalers?

Look for your inhaler in the list below. If you are on the dose listed or more, then it is considered a high daily dose of steroids. This will help you work out if you need to follow the shielding advice above.

We have taken this list from the British Thoracic Society’s guideline on asthma management. If your inhaler is not listed, it may not be able to be prescribed at a high dose. If you think you might be on a high dose and your inhaler is not listed here, you can contact your asthma nurse or pharmacist for advice.

Chart showing what is a high steroid dose for different inhalers

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